Pepper has been found to be useful in different ways. Within the food sector, it is being used for the various delicious delicacies we take in. It has also been found useful in the medicine or pharmaceutical sector, for industrial use in manufacturing and for natural crop protection product especially in organic farming. This crop is thus worth considering.
Pepper is a vegetable crop. Like tomatoes, Irish potatoes, egg plants it belongs to the Solanaceae family. Pepper is said to originate from tropical America in countries like Mexico from where it later spread to Europe and then Africa. Many of the farmers that grow it are small holders. In many parts of Sub Saharan Africa, large quantity of pepper is exported to Europe indicating that it has value and can be a source of foreign exchange.
This crop can be grown both in open field and under greenhouse be it conventionally or organically. Companies such as ForthWorth Farms, Next Generation Farms and AACE Food in Nigeria are known to grow pepper and add value by drying and packaging as dry powder. Profitability in production of pepper is dependent on seeds, land preparation methods and yield per unit area which can be influence by factors such as nutrients, disease control and level of value addition to harvest.
Species of Pepper
Pepper can be categorized into two main groups
Sweet Peppers– As the name indicates this are usually not spicy or hot. They go into our salads, fried rice etc. Within the sweet pepper group, we have the Cone Pepper and the Bell Pepper. The common varieties of sweet peppers are California wonder, Emerald giant and Ruby giant. The usually also grow to be red, or yellow or green depending on the usage and consumer choice.
- Hot Peppers– The peppers found in this group are usually pungent in nature. The species in this group includes Chilli pepper, Cayenne, African bird’s eye chilli and cherry pepper. The Chilli and Cayenne have fruits that are slender and pendent. They are very hot and turn red when they mature. The Long Cayenne is what the Yoruba call The cherry pepper on the other hand are very pungent and turn yellow or purple when matured. On the other hand, the Africa bird eye chilli grow like shrubs with very small, clustered and pointed fruits that turn red when mature. Commonly grown around us are the Jalapeno (Known as Tatase among the Yoruba), long eye cayenne and habanero
Uses of Pepper
- Sweet pepper is used in vegetable salads.
- In organic farming, extracts from hot chillies can be used as botanical pesticides targeting pests like arphids.
- The Africa bird’s eye chillies are used to make tear gas.
- Hot chillies can be processed to make curry powder and chilli
- Some hot chillies can also be used for medicinal purposes against flu and asthma.
- Food season is one prominent use of hot chillies.
One first step for anyone interested in farming pepper is having the right seeds. If you are interested in growing pepper reach out to XGEMS Global Limited, the sponsor of this post as they have the following in stock
|SWEET PEPPER||HOT PEPPER|
|Super Bell F1 (5g,10g &25g)||Hot Slender F1 (10g)|
|Califonia Wonder (10g, 50g,100g)||Jalapeno (10g,50g)|
|Kimbo F1 (10g)||Hot Cayenne (10g)|
For example,the hot slender F1 has a yield potential of 50-65 tons per hectare under good agronomic practice. The fruits turn from green to red at full maturity and is tolerant to thrips, mites, bacterial wilt and bacterial spots. The plant can also withstand harsh growing conditions and fit for both open field and green house farming.
Visit the Xgems Seeds Website to read more on the features of each varieties. Call 08188059666 or 08030426244 to place your order.